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ERIC Number: EJ913130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 78
ISSN: ISSN-0144-3410
Interrelations between Self-Efficacy and Learning Approaches: A Developmental Approach
Phan, Huy Phuong
Educational Psychology, v31 n2 p225-246 Mar 2011
Two major theoretical frameworks in educational psychology, namely student approaches to learning (SAL) and self-efficacy have been used extensively to explain and predict students' learning and academic achievement. There is a substantial body of research studies, for example, that documents the positive interrelations between individuals' self-efficacy beliefs and their approaches to learning. In particular, evidence ascertained from structural equation analyses suggests both a positive sense of academic self-efficacy and deep learning approach combined to influence students' academic achievement. More recently, albeit limited, research has focused on the study of developmental changes of these two constructs over time. As a contribution to this approach, we used latent growth curve modelling (LGM) to explore the initial states and trajectories of self-efficacy and the two major learning approaches--surface and deep--over a two-year period. Furthermore, we regressed both gender and academic experience as possible external correlates that could account for the change in the two theoretical frameworks. Two hundred and fifty-two (116 females, 136 males) university students were administered Likert-scale inventories on three occasions. SPSS AMOS showed a few major findings--notably, for example, the negative impact of academic experience on the change in self-efficacy and the positive impact of academic experience on the initial states of self-efficacy and surface learning approach. (Contains 2 notes, 1 table and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A