NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ913049
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 2
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 6
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
The Elusive Excited Quintet [superscript 5]D of Tb(III): A Source of Luminescence and Resonance Energy Transfer in Terbium Compounds
Klier, Kamil
Journal of Chemical Education, v87 n1 p45-46 Jan 2010
The understanding of electronic structure of atomic and molecular term states involved in spectroscopic transitions is aided by projecting combinations of micro-configurations to multi-electron states with "good" quantum numbers of angular momenta. In rare-earth (RE) compounds, atomic term labels are justifiably carried over to compounds, because the 4f orbitals are localized at the RE centers, and the transitions between them are modified by crystal-field splittings that are small compared to the spin-orbit interactions within the RE atom. The source of photoluminescence in Tb(III) compounds is lowest-lying excited quintet [superscript 5]D[subscript 4] originating from the [Xe]4f[superscript 8] configuration, in contrast to other D-states originating from the [Xe]4f[superscript 7]5d configuration, sometimes confused with the [superscript 5]D[subscript 4](4f[subscript 8]) state. The [superscript 5]D[subscript 4] state not only is missing in available databases (NIST Atomic Spectra Database Levels, http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/ASD/levels_form.html; Moore, C. E. Atomic Energy Levels as Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra; Vol. I-III; National Bureau of Standards Circular, 467, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1949-1958; Martin, W. C. "Atomic Energy Levels--the Rare Earth Elements"; NSRDS-NBS 60; U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards: Washington, DC, 1978), but also its structure in terms of combinations of the 4f[superscript 8] microstates has so far eluded interpretation. We present a shortcut method using the shift operators arriving at the [superscript 5]D4(4f[superscript 8]) state, which turns out to be a linear combination of no fewer than 6 Slater determinants. We then compare the Tb(III) PL transitions [superscript 5]D[subscript 4] [right arrow] [superscript 7]F[subscript J], J = 6, 5, 4, 3 in compounds as diverse as TbCl[subscript 3](aq), Tb(III)-Y zeolite, and Tb(III) polystyrene sulfonate, all at similar wavelengths but showing features sensitive to chemical environment.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: eic@jce.acs.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A