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ERIC Number: EJ912835
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0194-2638
Stability of Playfulness across Environmental Settings: A Pilot Study
Rigby, Patricia; Gaik, Sandy
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, v27 n1 p27-43 2007
The Test of Playfulness (ToP) was used in this pilot study to examine the stability of playfulness of 16 children with cerebral palsy (CP), aged 4-8 years, across three environmental settings: home, community, and school. Each videotaped play segment was scored using the ToP. The ANOVA statistic demonstrated a significant variance (p less than 0.05) in the playfulness of the children across the 3 settings. The children were most playful at home and least playful at school (p less than 0.05)The variability in playfulness across settings suggests that playful behaviors are influenced by factors external to the child. Eleven children were playful (achieving a positive ToP score) in at least one environment, which demonstrates that they had the capacity to be playful. Their play was supported in some settings and not in others. However, there was a lack of playfulness in 65% of the play segments suggesting that these children experience many barriers to their participation in play. Future research is needed to identify factors that help and hinder the playfulness of children with CP. (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada