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ERIC Number: EJ912661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0268-1153
Are Physical Activity Interventions Equally Effective in Adolescents of Low and High Socio-Economic Status (SES): Results from the European Teenage Project
De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Simon, C.; De Meester, F.; Van Lenthe, F.; Spittaels, H.; Lien, N.; Faggiano, F.; Mercken, L.; Moore, L.; Haerens, L.
Health Education Research, v26 n1 p119-130 Feb 2011
The aim was to study whether physical activity (PA) interventions in European teenagers are equally effective in adolescents of low versus high socio-economic status (SES). Based on a systematic review (Project TEENAGE), three school-based studies for secondary analyses were selected. SES stratified analyses were run in: (i) a Belgian multi-component intervention, (ii) a French multi-component intervention and (iii) a Belgian computer-tailored education trial. Results of the secondary analyses showed that no overall significant differences between low and high SES groups were found, but some interesting specific effects were revealed. Results from the first study showed an increase in objective PA in the low SES group (P = 0.015) compared with no significant effects in the high SES group. In the second study, larger effects were found in adolescents of high SES (increase of 11 min day[superscript -1] P less than 0.001), compared with adolescents of lower SES (increase of 7 min day[superscript -1], P = 0.02) at the longer term. The third study showed a positive effect on school-related PA in adolescents of high SES (P less than 0.05) and on leisure time transportation in adolescents of low SES (P less than 0.05). To conclude, we were not able to show a significant widening or narrowing of inequalities in European adolescents. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium; France