ERIC Number: EJ912253
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
How Temperament and Personality Contribute to the Maladjustment of Children with Autism
De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan; Van Leeuwen, Karla G.; De Clercq, Barbara J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n2 p196-212 Feb 2011
To test the spectrum hypothesis--postulating that clinical and non-clinical samples are primarily differentiated by mean-level differences--, this study evaluates differences in parent-rated temperament, personality and maladjustment among a low-symptom (N = 81), a high-symptom (N = 94) ASD-group, and a comparison group (N = 500). These classic spectrum hypothesis tests are extended by adding tests for similarity in variances, reliabilities and patterns of covariation between relevant variables. Children with ASD exhibit more extreme means, except for dominance. The low- and high-symptom ASD-groups are primarily differentiated by mean sociability and internal distress. Striking similarities in reliability and pattern of covariation of variables suggest that comparable processes link traits to maladaptation in low- and high-symptom children with ASD and in children with and without autism.
Descriptors: Autism, Personality Traits, Adjustment (to Environment), Hypothesis Testing, Parent Attitudes, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Stress Variables, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A