ERIC Number: EJ912204
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Social Contexts in Adolescent Smoking: Does School Policy Matter?
Piontek, D.; Buehler, A.; Rudolph, U.; Metz, K.; Kroeger, C.; Gradl, S.; Floeter, S.; Donath, C.
Health Education Research, v23 n6 p1029-1038 Dec 2008
According to an ecological perspective in psychology and in line with social cognitive theory, smoking behaviour is determined by different social contexts (for example, peers, family and school) providing adolescents with important role models. This paper investigates the effects of personal characteristics as well as family, peer and school context variables on youth smoking behaviour. We hypothesize that school smoking policy variables predict adolescents' smoking in addition to other context variables. Data were obtained from a self-report survey administered to 3364 students in 40 secondary schools in Bavaria, Germany. For both younger (10-15 years) and older (16-21 years) students, strong associations were found between smoking behaviour and (i) smoking best friends and friends in general, (ii) other substance use and (iii) school performance. In the younger age group, the non-existence of smoking bans for students was associated with an increased risk of being smoker. For the older students, a positive association was found between the presence of smoking teachers on school grounds and smoking behaviour. Results are discussed considering methodological aspects and public health concerns. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
Descriptors: Role Models, Age Differences, Smoking, Public Health, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, School Policy, Epistemology, Social Environment, Social Cognition, Individual Characteristics, Prediction, Secondary School Students, Correlation, Friendship, Risk, Substance Abuse
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany