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ERIC Number: EJ912197
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 9
ISSN: ISSN-0039-8322
Could Phonemic Awareness Instruction Be (Part of) the Answer for Young EFL Learners? A Report on the Early Literacy Project in Malaysia
Johnson, Robert C.; Tweedie, M. Gregory
TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, v44 n4 p822-829 Dec 2010
The Curriculum Specifications for English, set out in the Ministry of Education Malaysia syllabus for Year 1, calls for instruction in phonemic awareness (PA) as part of the acquisition of word recognition skills. Students are expected to be able to learn individual letters of the alphabet and their sounds; read aloud consonants in initial positions and vowels in both initial and medial positions; and compare words for similar sounds. Previous studies indicate that the impact of direct phonemic awareness instruction on phonemic awareness acquisition among children is large and significant; this investigation has attempted to extend previous research by focusing exclusively on the effect of direct phonemic awareness instruction with children learning English as a foreign language. Results of the study suggest that Early Literacy Project (ELP) students--those who received direct PA tuition--made much larger gains in every skill tested, and on overall test scores, than students in the control group who attended their regular English language classes. (Contains 3 tables.)
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. 1925 Ballenger Avenue Suite 550, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 888-547-3369; Tel: 703-836-0774; Fax: 703-836-7864; Fax: 703-836-6447; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia