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ERIC Number: EJ912112
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1849
Teacher Certification Renewal System: An Analysis Based on a Nation-Wide Survey of Japanese Teachers of English
Nakayama, Natsue; Takagi, Akiko; Imamura, Hiromi
Educational Perspectives, v43 n1-2 p28-37 2010
In October 2007, three education bills, including the Revised Teacher's License Law were approved by the Central Education Council in February and submitted to the Diet. The purpose of the Revised Teacher's License Law was "to ensure teachers systematically acquire up-to-date knowledge and skills to maintain the professional competencies necessary for today's educators, teach with confidence and pride, and gain respect and trust from the public." Until this revision in the Teacher's License Law, teachers in Japan were granted a permanent license after completing their induction training. However, due to this revision, teachers' licenses are now issued for ten years. In addition, in order to renew the license, teachers are required to take license renewal courses totaling over thirty hours of instruction over a two year period prior to the date of license expiry. The three education bills leave a number of issues unresolved once they are put into effect. It is possible to attribute the reasons to the following two points. First, not enough time has been devoted in the planning of these bills to considering their implications. Secondly, these bills only set frameworks and do not present clear, concrete guidelines. In response to this policy development, the authors conducted a survey of secondary school teachers of English to determine their attitudes and opinions toward the new system. The basic stance of the research project is that it is imperative to make the Teacher Certification Renewal System (TCRS) implementation process inclusive. If the renewal system was not perceived by the classroom educators as beneficial to them, it would not be successful in the long run. Therefore, the research took a bottom-up perspective to ensure that the views of teachers were adequately represented. By reflecting on the opinions of in-service teachers, the authors hoped to make some useful suggestions on the necessary actions to be taken prior to the implementation of the TCRS and to make recommendations for the restructuring of the teacher education system in Japan. This research examines the opinions of English teachers in secondary schools regarding the TCRS and teacher education to identify the preconditions for the successful implementation of the TCRS and to establish what concepts and designs of the license renewal training curricula would be accepted. (Contains 6 tables and 1 endnote.)
College of Education, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Wist Annex 2 Room 131, 1776 University Avenue, Honolulu, HI 96822. Tel: 808-956-8002; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan