NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ911885
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1934-9556
Evaluating a GPS-Based Transportation Device to Support Independent Bus Travel by People with Intellectual Disability
Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Holloway, Shane; Wehmeyer, Michael L.
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v48 n6 p454-463 Dec 2010
We examined the utility of a PDA-based software system with integrated GPS technology for providing location-aware visual and auditory prompts to enable people with intellectual disability to successfully navigate a downtown bus route. Participants using the system were significantly more successful at completing a bus route than were people in a control group, who used a map and verbal directions. Further, when using the GPS-based system, 73% of participants successfully rang the bell and exited the bus at the right stop compared with only 8% of the control group. This finding was observed for individuals attempting to follow a new bus route for the first time and get off the bus at a previously unknown location.
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 7065, Lawrence, KS 66044-7065. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A