ERIC Number: EJ911676
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
When Deaf Signers Read English: Do Written Words Activate Their Sign Translations?
Morford, Jill P.; Wilkinson, Erin; Villwock, Agnes.; Pinar, Pilar; Kroll, Judith F.
Cognition, v118 n2 p286-292 Feb 2011
Deaf bilinguals for whom American Sign Language (ASL) is the first language and English is the second language judged the semantic relatedness of word pairs in English. Critically, a subset of both the semantically related and unrelated word pairs were selected such that the translations of the two English words also had related forms in ASL. Word pairs that were semantically related were judged more quickly when the form of the ASL translation was also similar whereas word pairs that were semantically unrelated were judged more slowly when the form of the ASL translation was similar. A control group of hearing bilinguals without any knowledge of ASL produced an entirely different pattern of results. Taken together, these results constitute the first demonstration that deaf readers activate the ASL translations of written words under conditions in which the translation is neither present perceptually nor required to perform the task. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Control Groups, Translation, Deafness, American Sign Language, Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Semantics, Associative Learning, Vocabulary, Language Processing, Hearing (Physiology)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A