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ERIC Number: EJ911616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1940-5510
Developmental Pharmacology
van den Anker, Johannes N.
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v16 n3 p233-238 2010
Understanding the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs used in psychopharmacology across the pediatric age spectrum from infants to adolescents represents a major challenge for clinicians. In pediatrics, treatment protocols use either standard dose reductions for these drugs for children below a certain age or use less conventional parameters such as weight for allometric dosing. The rationale behind this, however, is often lacking. In this review current available data on the developmental changes in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs are presented with a specific focus on metabolic pathways, indicating significant differences in the development of enzymes involved in the biotransformation of drugs used in psychopharmacology. Major emphasis will be given to the genetic variation in CYP2D6 activity, the most important enzyme for the metabolism of many psychotropic medications. Finally, this review will summarize the role of the developmental pharmacologist in ensuring rational use of drugs in children with developmental disabilities and in translating pharmacological concepts from the bench to the clinic. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A