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ERIC Number: EJ910944
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISSN: ISSN-0126-7663
Languages and Mathematics Achievements among Rural and Urban Primary Four Pupils: A Malaysian Experience
Singh, Parmjit; Rahman, Arba Abdul; Hoon, Teoh Sian
Journal of Science and Mathematics Education in Southeast Asia, v33 n1 p65-85 2010
The change in the language of instruction for Mathematics under PPSMI had been opined to prejudice learners' achievements due to their weakness in the subject matter as well as in English. This study sought to analyse 186 urban and rural Primary 4 pupils' Mathematics achievements in tests using English and English/Bahasa Malaysia presentations. This quantitative study employed two instruments, in English and English/Bahasa Malaysia respectively, to measure the pupils' achievements in Mathematics. The results from this study indicated that both urban and rural pupils performed weakly in both the English and English/Bahasa Malaysia test. The rural pupils were weaker in mathematics compared to the urban pupils. It was found that rural pupils' Mathematics achievements were not influenced by the language used during the tests, while urban pupils' Mathematics achievements were influenced by the language the tests were presented in. Urban pupils' Mathematics achievements in both tests surpassed those of their rural counterparts'. Although both groups' mean scores for the English Test were slightly lower than those of the English/Bahasa Malaysia Mathematics Test, the difference was only significant for urban pupils. In conclusion, while it was shown that both rural and urban pupils were slightly advantaged by the use of Bahasa Malaysia's accommodation with the English test, the bulk of their inaccurate answers seem to originate from errors in content-knowledge. (Contains 7 tables.)
Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (SEAMEO RECSAM). Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 11700 Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia. Tel: +011-60-4-658-3266; Fax: +011-60-4-657-2541; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia