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ERIC Number: EJ910903
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1756-1108
Scientific Norms and Ethical Misconduct: Research towards the Design of a Course in Scientific Ethics
Verdan, Andrea M.; Ingallinera, J. Tyler; Bhattacharyya, Gautam
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v11 n2 p118-123 2010
We report our study of chemistry graduate students' beliefs regarding the normative values of their disciplines and their perceptions of the ethical challenges they face as students, teachers, and scientific researchers. Using a phenomenographical lens, we interviewed seven graduate students who had achieved Ph.D. candidacy and at least 3 full years of experience in the program. Inductive, grounded-theory analysis of the data indicated that the students focused on plagiarism and data falsification when speaking of scientific misconduct, and tended to view normative values as the opposite of misconduct. None of the students appeared to understand clearly the process of establishing claims in science. Instead, they believed that it was the advisors' roles to make final judgments regarding the validity of their data. Overall, the data indicate that the participants' impoverished conceptions of scientific ethics resulted from naive personal epistemologies of science, which, in turn, was partly due to their under-developed professional identities. We recommend that training in scientific norms and the nature of science should precede instruction involving case study analysis of misconduct or ambiguous scenarios. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A