ERIC Number: EJ910645
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Learning Outcomes: What Are They? Who Defines Them? When and Where Are They Defined?
Proitz, Tine S.
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, v22 n2 p119-137 May 2010
This study aims to illuminate the phenomenon of learning outcomes. Although a wide range of studies in education have examined the phenomenon in various ways, few have investigated how scholars themselves conceive of it. To provide insight into this issue, the paper explores the following questions: How is the term "learning outcome" defined? By whom? When? Where? The investigation is based on a document analysis of a selection of 33 scholarly written documents in which the concept is discussed. Findings indicate that there is a dominant established definition of the term learning outcome. However, a wide range of alternative definitions are also identified. These assert that learning outcomes involve more than what can be described in pre-specified and measurable terms.
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Definitions, Scholarship, Content Analysis, Measurement, Educational Assessment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A