ERIC Number: EJ910284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation and Evolution of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program
Esbensen, Finn-Aage; Peterson, Dana; Taylor, Terrance J.; Freng, Adrienne; Osgood, D. Wayne; Carson, Dena C.; Matsuda, Kristy N.
Journal of School Violence, v10 n1 p53-70 2011
The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program is a gang- and delinquency-prevention program delivered by law enforcement officers within a school setting. Originally designed in 1991 by Phoenix-area law enforcement agencies to address local needs, the program quickly spread across the United States. In this article, we describe the evolution of the program and its responsiveness to two independent national evaluations funded by the U.S. National Institute of Justice. The first evaluation revealed little program effect and contributed to a critical review and substantial revision of the G.R.E.A.T. "core" or middle-school curriculum. Preliminary findings from the ongoing second evaluation give an initial indication of the extent to which these changes have resulted in the achievement of G.R.E.A.T. program goals of helping youths to (a) avoid gang membership, violence, and criminal activity; and (b) develop a positive relationship with law enforcement.
Descriptors: Crime, Prevention, Police, Law Enforcement, Juvenile Gangs, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation, Delinquency, Program Development, Middle School Students, Curriculum, Violence
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona