ERIC Number: EJ910264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
What Do Deaf High School Students Know about HIV?
Goldstein, Marjorie F.; Eckhardt, Elizabeth A.; Joyner-Creamer, Patrice; Berry, Roberta; Paradise, Heather; Cleland, Charles M.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v22 n6 p523-537 Dec 2010
Deaf adolescents who use American Sign Language (ASL) as their main communication mode are, like their hearing age peers, at risk for acquiring HIV. Many sources of HIV information (radio and television) are not accessible to these adolescents. Little is known about HIV knowledge base and risk behaviors of this group. The objective of this study was to develop and administer, on laptop computer, an HIV knowledge and risk survey in ASL. Findings among 700 deaf adolescent participants attending high schools for the deaf throughout the United States showed that, on average, students knew correct answers to approximately half (x = 7.2) of 14 knowledge items (median: 7.0; range: 0-14; sd = 3.8) on a highly reliable knowledge scale ([alpha] = 0.83). Knowledge score was found in multivariable analysis to be strongly related to receiving HIV information in school. This population is clearly in need of linguistically and culturally accessible HIV prevention education delivered in school.
Descriptors: Deafness, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Adolescents, American Sign Language, High School Students, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Risk, Surveys, Knowledge Level, Scores, Prevention, Culturally Relevant Education, Teaching Methods, Health Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A