ERIC Number: EJ910236
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Physiological Effects of Enriched Environment Exposure and LTP Induction in the Hippocampus In Vivo Do Not Transfer Faithfully to In Vitro Slices
Eckert, Michael J.; Abraham, Wickliffe C.
Learning & Memory, v17 n10 p480-484 Oct 2010
A number of experimental paradigms use in vitro brain slices to test for changes in synaptic transmission and plasticity following a behavioral manipulation. For example, a number of previous studies have reported a variety of effects of environmental enrichment (EE) exposure on field potential responses in hippocampal slices, but in no study was is it known what changes had been elicited in vivo. In the present study, we recorded from the hippocampus in vivo while rats underwent a brief period of EE. There was no detectable EE-induced change in synaptic efficacy in the dentate gyrus in vivo, but there was an increase in cellular excitability. In slices prepared from the same animals, we failed to observe any evidence of the excitability increase. We next tested whether LTP induction in vivo was better preserved in vitro. However, when slices from these rats were examined, there was no observable change in perforant path synaptic strength, although there was a modest increase in excitability that correlated with the increased excitability observed in vivo. These findings suggest that synaptic changes induced in vivo either are not preserved faithfully or are difficult to detect in hippocampal slices, while changes in cellular excitability are better preserved.
Descriptors: Physiology, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Change, Cytology, Environmental Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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