ERIC Number: EJ910061
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
Does More Federal Environmental Funding Increase or Decrease States' Efforts?
Clark, Benjamin Y.; Whitford, Andrew B.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v30 n1 p136-152 Win 2011
We examine the flow of federal grants-in-aid from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the states. We simultaneously model two dependent variables (the flow of EPA funds, and state environmental and natural resource budgets) to identify the independent roles of state political institutions, political preferences, economic and demographic characteristics, and the task environment. Our central focus, though, is on the relationship between grants and state spending after taking into account those direct effects. We examine the evidence for positive association (a flypaper effect) and negative association (crowding out). We show the different roles for political institutions, political preferences, demographic and economic characteristics, and the task environment in each spending context. Most importantly, we find evidence for a flypaper effect between federal funds and state spending: Federal spending and state spending are positively correlated after accounting for the contribution of the unique factors. (Contains 2 tables and 1 footnote.)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Grants, Federal Aid, State Norms, Resource Allocation, Funding Formulas, Expenditures, Environmental Education, Regression (Statistics), Models, Comparative Analysis, Politics of Education, Political Influences, Predictor Variables, Policy Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A