ERIC Number: EJ909965
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Patient with Phonologic Alexia Can Learn to Read "Much" from "Mud Pies"
Lott, Susan Nitzberg; Sample, Diane M.; Oliver, Robyn T.; Lacey, Elizabeth H.; Friedman, Rhonda B.
Neuropsychologia, v46 n10 p2515-2523 Aug 2008
People with phonologic alexia often have difficulty reading functors and verbs, in addition to pseudowords. Friedman et al. [Friedman, R. B., Sample, D. M, & Lott, S. N. (2002). The role of level of representation in the use of paired associate learning for rehabilitation of alexia. "Neuropsychologia, 40", 223-234] reported a successful treatment for phonologic alexia that paired problematic functors and verbs with easily read relays that were homophonous nouns (e.g. "be" paired with "bee"). The current study evaluates the efficacy of pairing problematic grammatical words with relays that share initial phonemes, but vary in the relationship of their final phonemes. Results showed that reading of target grammatical words improved to criterion level (90% accuracy over two consecutive probes) in all experimental conditions with shared phonology, but remained far below criterion level in control conditions. There was a significant correlation between degree of phonologic relatedness and error rate. Maintenance of the treatment effect was poor as assessed by traditional measurement, however a dramatic savings during relearning was demonstrated during a subsequent treatment phase. The finding that reading can be re-organized by pairing target words not only with homophones, but with other phonologically related relays, suggests that this approach could be applied to a wide corpus of words and, therefore, potentially be of great use clinically. We suggest, within a connectionist account, that the treatment effect results from relays priming the initial phonologic units of the targets. (Contains 2 tables and 4 figures.)
Descriptors: Phonemes, Phonology, Verbs, Grammar, Paired Associate Learning, Patients, Reading Difficulties, Nouns, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness, Correlation, Cues, Reading Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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