NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ909540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Hardiness and the Big Five Personality Traits among Chinese University Students
Zhang, Li-fang
Learning and Individual Differences, v21 n1 p109-113 Feb 2011
This study examines the construct of hardiness with the Big Five personality traits among 362 Chinese university students. Participants in the study responded to the Dispositional Hardiness Scale (Bartone, Ursano, Wright, & Ingraham, 1989) and the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Results indicate that personality traits statistically predicted hardiness beyond age and gender among Chinese university students. These results support the argument that hardiness represents a healthy personality disposition. Implications of the present findings are discussed for university teachers and for university counselors. (Contains 2 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China