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ERIC Number: EJ909316
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4294
When Repetition Isn't the Best Practice Strategy: Effects of Blocked and Random Practice Schedules
Stambaugh, Laura A.
Journal of Research in Music Education, v58 n4 p368-383 Jan 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blocked and random practice schedules on the performance accuracy, speed, temporal evenness, and attitude of beginning band students in a group instructional setting. The research assumptions were based on the contextual interference hypothesis, which predicts that a blocked practice order (low contextual interference) leads to superior performance immediately following practice but that a random practice order (high contextual interference) supports superior performance at delayed retention testing. Beginning clarinet students (N = 41) completed three practice sessions and one retention testing session, performing three seven-pitch exercises. At the end of practice, no significant differences were found between blocked and random practice groups for accuracy, speed, or temporal evenness. At retention, the random group performed significantly faster than the blocked group, F(1, 38) = 24.953, p less than 0.001, [eta][superscript 2] = 0.92, and the blocked group performed significantly slower than it did at the end of practice (p less than 0.001). No significant differences were found between groups for transfer tasks or for attitude toward practice. (Contains 2 figures, 1 table and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A