ERIC Number: EJ909223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Reference Count: 8
The Future of the Gender System: An Interventionist Approach
Harkness, Sarah K.; Hall, Deborah L.
Social Psychology Quarterly, v73 n4 p339-340 Dec 2010
Gender is one of the primary organizers of social life. Given this importance, gender has been studied from multiple vantages, including biological, sociocognitive, interpersonal, network, and institutional perspectives. The diversity of these approaches illustrates the complex nature of gender as a multilevel social construction and that the processes and consequences of the gender system--including the creation of difference and inequality--are essentially overdetermined. Still largely unanswered, however, is the question of how to intervene in the processes that promote and sustain gender inequality through the individual, interpersonal, and structural levels of the social world. Because the causes of gender difference and inequality are essentially overdetermined, such that a beneficial change at one level may be undermined by stagnancy in others, the authors suggest to seek solutions that simultaneously address processes at all levels: from individual to structural. One promising approach for addressing the processes that undermine the inequities in the current gender system--at all levels--is to increase the focus of cross-disciplinary gender research on social engineering. The authors point out that sociologists and psychologists must work together to develop effective interventions and constructive social policy recommendations.
Descriptors: Social Life, Psychologists, Gender Differences, Social Scientists, Intervention, Constructivism (Learning), Stereotypes, Gender Bias, Social Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
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