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ERIC Number: EJ909201
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-1356-336X
Methods of Assessing Body Fatness among Children: Implications for the National Child Measurement Programme
Wheeler, Sharon; Twist, Craig
European Physical Education Review, v16 n1 p81-93 Feb 2010
Body mass index (BMI) is increasingly recognized as an inadequate measure for determining obesity in children. Therefore, the aim within this study was to investigate other indirect methods of body fat assessment that could potentially be used in place of BMI. Twenty-four children (boys: 13.8 [plus or minus] 0.8 yr; girls: 13.3 [plus or minus] 0.5 yr) participated in this study. Measurements of BMI and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were obtained, along with percentage body fat (%BF) from skinfolds (SKF), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) (arm-to-arm, leg-to-leg, arm-to-leg) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP). BMI was correlated with %BF from ADP (r = 0.45, p less than 0.05), while WHR was not (r = 0.21, p greater than 0.05). %BF from the SKF method and all BIA methods demonstrated a significant relationship with ADP %BF (p less than 0.05). The 95% limits of agreement (LoA) indicated that individual prediction errors between all BIA methods and ADP were large, while the SKF method showed strong agreement with ADP. The results of this study provide further evidence that the predictive accuracy of indirect methods for determining body fatness varies considerably with children. The findings are discussed in relation to the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP), which is currently operating in primary schools in England. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)