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ERIC Number: EJ909198
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0888-4064
The Biasing Effects of Labels on Direct Observation by Preservice Teachers
Allday, R. Allan; Duhon, Gary J.; Blackburn-Ellis, Sarah; Van Dycke, Jamie L.
Teacher Education and Special Education, v34 n1 p52-58 Feb 2011
Observational bias can significantly affect results attained through observation. This study focused on 122 preservice teacher educators who conducted a structured observation, using momentary time sampling procedures with 10-second intervals, to measure student on-task and off-task behaviors. The experimental variable altered was the exceptionality label of the observed student to determine if the label would have a biasing effect. Labels used were oppositional defiant disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gifted/talented. Results suggest that an exceptionality label (i.e., oppositional defiant disorder) significantly affects observed behavior. Practical implications of the study are discussed. (Contains 2 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A