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ERIC Number: EJ909123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0161-1461
Who Does What to Whom: Introduction of Referents in Children's Storytelling from Pictures
Schneider, Phyllis; Hayward, Denyse
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v41 n4 p459-473 Oct 2010
Purpose: This article describes the development of a measure, called First Mentions (FM), that can be used to evaluate the referring expressions that children use to introduce characters and objects when telling a story. Method: Participants were 377 children ages 4 to 9 years (300 with typical development, 77 with language impairment) who told stories while viewing 6 picture sets. Their first mentions of 8 characters and 6 objects were scored as fully adequate, partially adequate, inadequate, or not mentioned. Total FM scores were compared across age and language groups. Results: There were significant differences for age and language status, as well as a significant Age x Language interaction. Within each age group except age 9, children in the typical development group attained higher scores than children in the group with language impairment. Conclusion: These results suggest that the FM measure is a useful tool for identifying whether a child has a problem with introducing referents in stories.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A