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ERIC Number: EJ908531
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Route Learning and Shortcut Performance in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Study with Virtual Environments
Mengue-Topio, Hursula; Courbois, Yannick; Farran, Emily K.; Sockeel, Pascal
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v32 n1 p345-352 Jan-Feb 2011
The ability to learn routes though a virtual environment (VE) and to make a novel shortcut between two locations was assessed in 18 adults with intellectual disability and 18 adults without intellectual disability matched on chronological age. Participants explored two routes (A [double big arrow] B and A [double big arrow] C) until they reached a learning criterion. Then, they were placed at B and were asked to find the shortest way to C (B [double big arrow] C, five trials). Participants in both groups could learn the routes, but most of the participants with intellectual disability could not find the shortest route between B and C. However, the results also revealed important individual differences within the intellectual disability group, with some participants exhibiting more efficient wayfinding behaviour than others. Individuals with intellectual disability may differ in the kind of spatial knowledge they extract from the environment and/or in the strategy they use to learn routes. (Contains 3 figures and 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A