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ERIC Number: EJ908027
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-1540-0077
Implementing Spelling with Morphographs with Above-Average Students in Grade 2: Implications for DI of Comparisons with Demographically Similar Control Students in Grades 2-3-4-5
Vitale, Michael R.; Medland, Michael B.; Kaniuka, Theodore S.
Journal of Direct Instruction, v10 n1 p17-28 Win 2010
This study investigated whether the use of "Spelling Through Morphographs" (Lessons 1-45) designed for grade 3-adult students could be effective when implemented in an above-average educational setting with grade 2 students. Using a cross-grade, longitudinal design, designed to provide a methodological foundation for addressing the acceleration of student learning, the study compared the achievement of grade 2 experimental students on a criterion-referenced spelling test with demographically similar control students in grades 2 through 5. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results found the achievement of the grade 2 experimental students significantly higher than both grade 2 (effect size = 2.95) and grade 3 (effect size = 2.04) controls, with no significant difference found between grade 4 and grade 5 controls. Discussed are implications of the cross-grade design and the findings for potentially affecting the advocacy of school decision makers for "Spelling Through Morphographs" in particular and Direct Instruction (DI) programs in general. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
Association for Direct Instruction. P.O. Box 10252, Eugene, OR 97440. Tel: 800-995-2464; Tel: 541-485-1293; Fax: 541-683-7543; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A