ERIC Number: EJ907941
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Grounds for Movement: Green School Grounds as Sites for Promoting Physical Activity
Dyment, J. E.; Bell, A. C.
Health Education Research, v23 n6 p952-962 Dec 2008
An environmental factor of particular importance to children's physical activity levels appears to be the presence of parks and open space. Thus, in promoting children's health, school grounds merit consideration as a potential setting for intervention. This paper explores how "green" school grounds, which contain a greater diversity of landscaping and design features, affect the quantity and quality of physical activity among elementary school children. Teachers, parents and administrators associated with 59 schools across Canada completed questionnaires (n = 105). Analysis reveals that through greening, school grounds diversify the play repertoire, creating opportunities for boys and girls of all ages, interests and abilities to be more physically active. Complementing the rule-bound, competitive games supported by asphalt and turf playing fields, green school grounds invite children to jump, climb, dig, lift, rake, build, role play and generally get moving in ways that nurture all aspects of their health and development. Of particular significance is the potential to encourage moderate and light levels of physical activity by increasing the range of enjoyable, non-competitive, open-ended forms of play at school. Seen in this light, green school grounds stand to be an important intervention to be included in school health promotion initiatives.
Descriptors: Play, Physical Activities, Health Promotion, Physical Activity Level, Questionnaires, Foreign Countries, Health Behavior, Environmental Influences, Outdoor Education, Horticulture, Design, Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://her.oxfordjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada