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ERIC Number: EJ907858
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0023-8309
Short-Term Exposure to One Dialect Affects Processing of Another
Hay, Jen; Drager, Katie; Warren, Paul
Language and Speech, v53 n4 p447-471 Dec 2010
It is well established that speakers accommodate in speech production. Recent work has shown a similar effect in perception--speech perception is affected by a listener's beliefs about the speaker. In this paper, we explore the consequences of such perceptual accommodation for experiments in speech perception and lexical access. Our interest is whether perceptual accommodation to one speaker--the experimenter who meets participants, for example--might have carry-over effects on participants' behavior in subsequent tasks that do not directly involve the experimenter's voice. We explore this possibility by exposing groups of participants to different varieties of English before they participate in experiments involving speech perception and/or lexical access. Our results reveal that the nature of this prior exposure considerably influences participants' behavior in the tasks. This suggests that the phonetic detail of encountered speech is stored in the lexicon, together with information about the speaker's regional origin. Subparts of phonetically detailed lexical distributions can then be effectively "primed" by exposure to speakers or lexical items associated with particular dialects. We argue for an exemplar model of lexical representation with both word-level and phoneme-level representations. The consequences of cross-dialectal priming vary, depending on whether tasks involve primarily word-level or phoneme-level access. (Contains 14 tables, 6 figures, and 4 notes.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand