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ERIC Number: EJ907632
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0195-6744
International and Interstate Gaps in Value-Added Math Achievement: Multilevel Instrumental Variable Analysis of Age Effect and Grade Effect
Lee, Jaekyung; Fish, Reva M.
American Journal of Education, v117 n1 p109-137 Nov 2010
Merging National Assessment of Educational Progress and Trends in International Math and Science Study math data, this study examines the extent and sources of variation in value-added academic growth patterns among different nations and U.S. states. Applying hierarchical linear models with an instrumental variable method, the study disentangles age effect and grade effect on growth and accounts for both international and interstate variations. Math achievement gains between grades 4 and 8 are significant with positive age and grade effects and negative age-by-grade interaction. The study finds convergence of the age effect and divergence of the grade effect among the nations and states. While the United States lags further behind East Asian nations in math achievement during middle school years, a few of the U.S. states match East Asian gains. The initial or widening gap between the U.S. states and East Asian countries is more closely related to school factors, whereas family factors play a greater explanatory role for achievement gaps among the U.S. states.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 4; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress