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ERIC Number: EJ906507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 7
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-3123
On Separable Tests, Correlated Priors, and Paradoxical Results in Multidimensional Item Response Theory
Hooker, Giles
Psychometrika, v75 n4 p694-707 Dec 2010
This paper presents a study of the impact of prior structure on paradoxical results in multidimensional item response theory. Paradoxical results refer to the possibility that an incorrect response could be beneficial to an examinee. We demonstrate that when three or more ability dimensions are being used, paradoxical results can be induced by using priors in which all abilities are positively correlated where they would not occur if the abilities were modeled as being independent. In the case of separable tests, we demonstrate the mathematical causes of paradoxical results, develop a computationally feasible means to check whether they can occur in any given test, and demonstrate a class of prior covariance matrices that can be guaranteed to avoid them. (Contains 1 table and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A