ERIC Number: EJ905890
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Points of Contact: Using First-Person Narratives to Help Foster Empathy in Psychiatric Residents
Deen, Serina R.; Mangurian, Christina; Cabaniss, Deborah L.
Academic Psychiatry, v34 n6 p438-441 Nov-Dec 2010
Objective: The authors aimed to determine if writing narratives in psychiatric training can foster empathy for severely and persistently mentally ill patients. Methods: One resident wrote first-person narrative pieces about three different patients at a community mental health clinic. She reviewed these pieces with a writing supervisor weekly. The supervisor and resident examined the style of writing, choice of words, and story line to help the resident learn about her feelings about the patient. Results: In each narrative, different choices were made that provided clues about that particular resident-patient relationship. These writing exercises helped the resident become more connected to her patients, develop interviewing skills, and engage in more self-reflection. Conclusion: Narrative writing effectively fostered empathy in a PGY-1 psychiatric resident working with severely and persistently mentally ill patients. This exercise also fostered understanding of countertransference and improved psychiatric history-taking skills. Psychiatry training programs may want to consider incorporating narrative writing exercises into their curriculum.
Descriptors: Mental Health, Psychiatry, Writing Exercises, Interviews, Patients, Empathy, Supervisors, Mental Disorders, Graduate Medical Education, Medical Students, Physician Patient Relationship, Writing (Composition)
American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. 1000 Wilson Boulevard Suite 1825, Arlington, VA 22209-3901. Tel: 800-368-5777; Tel: 703-907-7856; Fax: 703-907-1092; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://ap.psychiatryonline.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A