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ERIC Number: EJ905620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Low Social Support Level Is Associated with Non-Adherence to Diet at 1 Year in the Family Intervention Trial for Heart Health (FIT Heart)
Aggarwal, Brooke; Liao, Ming; Allegrante, John P.; Mosca, Lori
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v42 n6 p380-388 Nov-Dec 2010
Objective: Evaluate the relationship between low social support (SS) and adherence to diet in a cardiovascular disease (CVD) lifestyle intervention trial. Design: Prospective substudy. Setting and Participants: Blood relatives/cohabitants of hospitalized cardiac patients in a randomized controlled trial (n = 458; 66% female, 35% nonwhite, mean age 50 years). Main Outcome Measures: Non-adherence to diet using MEDFICTS (Meats, Eggs, Dairy, Fried foods, fat In baked goods, Convenience foods, fats added at the Table, and Snacks) tool; SS using the Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease Patients Social Support Instrument. Analysis: Logistic regression models adjusted for confounders. Results: Significant predictors (P less than 0.05) of non-adherence to diet recommendations at 1 year included low SS, increased body mass index and waist size, lower physical activity, depression, pre-action stages of change, control group assignment, and being male. Those with low SS at baseline 2.7 greater odds of being non-adherent to diet at 1 year vs those with higher SS (95% confidence interval = 1.1 - 6.4); there was no interaction by group assignment. Conclusion and Implications: Low SS at baseline was independently associated with non-adherence to diet at 1 year, suggesting that family members with low SS may be at heightened CVD risk as a result of poor dietary adherence. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A