ERIC Number: EJ905460
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Race Salience and Essentialist Thinking in Racial Stereotype Development
Pauker, Kristin; Ambady, Nalini; Apfelbaum, Evan P.
Child Development, v81 n6 p1799-1813 Nov-Dec 2010
The authors explored the emergence and antecedents of racial stereotyping in 89 children ages 3-10 years. Children completed a number of matching and sorting tasks, including a measure designed to assess their knowledge and application of both positive and negative in-group and out-group stereotypes. Results indicate that children start to apply stereotypes to the out-group starting around 6 years of age. Controlling for a number of factors, 2 predictors contributed significantly toward uniquely explaining the use of these stereotypes: race salience (i.e., seeing and organizing by race) and essentialist thinking (i.e., believing that race cannot change). These results provide insight into how and when real-world interventions aimed at altering the acquisition of racial stereotypes may be implemented.
Descriptors: Race, Stereotypes, Children, Young Children, Child Development, Predictor Variables, Intervention, Developmental Stages
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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