ERIC Number: EJ905451
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Differing Levels of Gender Salience in Preschool Classrooms: Effects on Children's Gender Attitudes and Intergroup Bias
Hilliard, Lacey J.; Liben, Lynn S.
Child Development, v81 n6 p1787-1798 Nov-Dec 2010
Developmental intergroup theory posits that when environments make social-group membership salient, children will be particularly likely to apply categorization processes to social groups, thereby increasing stereotypes and prejudices. To test the predicted impact of environmental gender salience, 3- to 5-year-old children (N = 57) completed gender attitude, intergroup bias, and personal preference measures at the beginning and end of a 2-week period during which teachers either did or did not make gender salient. Observations of peer play were also made at both times. After 2 weeks, children in the high- (but not low-) salience condition showed significantly increased gender stereotypes, less positive ratings of other-sex peers, and decreased play with other-sex peers. Children's own activity and occupational preferences, however, remained unaffected.
Descriptors: Play, Sex Stereotypes, Peer Relationship, Preschool Children, Social Influences, Environmental Influences, Student Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Interpersonal Competence, Gender Bias
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A