ERIC Number: EJ905448
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Developmental Perspective on Executive Function
Best, John R.; Miller, Patricia H.
Child Development, v81 n6 p1641-1660 Nov-Dec 2010
This review article examines theoretical and methodological issues in the construction of a developmental perspective on executive function (EF) in childhood and adolescence. Unlike most reviews of EF, which focus on preschoolers, this review focuses on studies that include large age ranges. It outlines the development of the foundational components of EF--inhibition, working memory, and shifting. Cognitive and neurophysiological assessments show that although EF emerges during the first few years of life, it continues to strengthen significantly throughout childhood and adolescence. The components vary somewhat in their developmental trajectories. The article relates the findings to long-standing issues of development (e.g., developmental sequences, trajectories, and processes) and suggests research needed for constructing a developmental framework encompassing early childhood through adolescence.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Age Differences, Developmental Stages, Children, Neurological Organization, Physiology, Neurology, Inhibition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A