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ERIC Number: EJ905136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 13
ISSN: ISSN-1071-6084
Designing Technology Education at the Junior High School Level: Propositions from the French School Curriculum
Joel, Lebeaume
Journal of Technology Studies, v30 n3 p2-10 Sum 2004
In France, technology is a compulsory school discipline at the junior high school level (ages 11-15). Technology studies were initiated at the beginning of the 1960s when school attendance until the age of 16 became mandatory and when it was decided to delay vocational training because of the irreversible drive towards technical modernity, a tremendous cultural and social upheaval, and a dire shortage of technicians in France. Within the French context, research on the history of this discipline (with a focus on manual work) provides insight into the fundamental issues of its place in the compulsory general school curriculum. Such research has provided the basis for suggesting a number of tools for identifying relevant proposals from recent technology education programs (1996-1998). This historical inquiry examines two main periods of school organization in France. The first concerns the period 1880 to 1960, during which primary schooling was opened up to the entire population. The second is the period 1960 to 2000, when the school became an educational system and when the junior high school progressively filled the role of middle school. During both periods, the technical world was represented first by means of manual work and then with technological instruction. This historical approach serves to develop a didactic frame of reference specifically regarding prescribed course content and curriculum organization. The two aspects are indeed similar due to the context of compulsory teaching within the general education system. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France