ERIC Number: EJ905104
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Early Developmental Assessment of Children with Major Non-Cardiac Congenital Anomalies Predicts Development at the Age of 5 Years
Mazer, Petra; Gischler, Saskia J.; van der Cammen-van Zijp, Monique H. M.; Tibboel, Dick; Bax, Nicolaas M. A.; Ijsselstijn, Hanneke; van Dijk, Monique; Duivenvoorden, Hugo J.
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v52 n12 p1154-1159 Dec 2010
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive and motor development in children with major congenital anomalies and the predictability of development at age 5 years. Method: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study was undertaken. The Dutch version of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development--Mental Developmental Index (MDI) and Psychomotor Developmental Index (PDI)--were administered at the ages of 6, 12, and 24 months. The Revised Amsterdam Children's Intelligence Test-IQ and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Total impairment score (TIS) were used at age 5 years. A total of 117 children participated in the study. After excluding 12 children who had a major chromosomal or syndromal abnormality, the analysis was limited to 105 children (50 females, 55 males). Seven groups of congenital anomalies were distinguished: (1) small intestinal anomalies; (2) abdominal wall defects, comprising gastroschisis and omphalocele; (3) oesophageal atresia; (4) congenital diaphragmatic hernia; (5) Hirschsprung disease; (6) anorectal malformations; and (7) miscellaneous diagnoses. Logistic regression analyses served to determine the ability of MDI and PDI to predict IQ and TIS at age 5 years. Results: At age five, 83.7% of 104 children had an IQ of 85 or above and 16.3% an IQ of less than 85. TIS was normal in 71.3% of 87 children, while 17.2% demonstrated a borderline score and 11.5% a definite motor problem. MDI and PDI scores showed equal sensitivity to predict IQ (p = 0.004 at 6 and 12mo, p = 0.001 at 24mo) and TIS (p less than 0.001 at 6 and 12mo, p = 0.002 at 24mo). MDI and PDI were positively correlated with IQ and TIS; TIS was positively correlated with IQ. Interpretation: IQ scores at 5 years of age corresponded to Dutch population scores, but TIS scores differed significantly. Early development of children with major congenital anomalies is predictive of development at 5 years, which can guide individualized follow-up for this vulnerable group of children.
Descriptors: Scores, Intelligence Tests, Intelligence Quotient, Program Effectiveness, Followup Studies, Motor Development, Cognitive Ability, Psychomotor Skills, Young Children, Genetic Disorders, Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, Prediction, Correlation, Age Differences, Toddlers, Infants
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development