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ERIC Number: EJ904536
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Memory Awareness for Faces in Individuals with Autism
Wilkinson, Desiree A.; Best, Catherine A.; Minshew, Nancy J.; Strauss, Mark S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n11 p1371-1377 Nov 2010
Little is known regarding metacognition in individuals with autism. Specifically, it is unclear how individuals with autism think about their own mental states. The current study assessed memory awareness during a facial recognition task. High-functioning children (M = 13.1 years, n = 18) and adults (M = 27.5 years, n = 16) with autism matched with typically developing children (M = 14.3 years, n = 13) and adults (M = 26.9 years, n = 15) were tested. Children with autism demonstrated less accurate memory awareness for faces and less reliable differentiation between their confidence ratings compared to typically developing children. Subtle impairments in memory awareness for faces were also evident in adults with autism. Results indicate that broader metacognitive deficits may exist in individuals with autism, possibly contributing to other known impairments. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: service-ny@springer.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A