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ERIC Number: EJ904481
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 179
ISSN: ISSN-1080-4013
Advanced Microscopic Imaging Methods to Investigate Cortical Development and the Etiology of Mental Retardation
Haydar, Tarik F.
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v11 n4 p303-316 Dec 2005
Studies on human patients and animal models of disease have shown that disruptions in prenatal and early postnatal brain development are a root cause of mental retardation. Since proper brain development is achieved by a strict spatiotemporal control of neurogenesis, cell migration, and patterning of synapses, abnormalities in one or more of these events during prenatal development can lead to cognitive dysfunction after birth. Many of underlying causes of mental retardation must therefore be studied in developing brains. To aid in this research, live imaging using laser scanning microscopy (LSM) has recently allowed neuroscientists to delve deeply into the complex three-dimensional environment of the living brain to record dynamic cellular events over time. This review will highlight recent examples of how LSM is being applied to elucidate both normal and abnormal cortical development. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A