ERIC Number: EJ904083
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Issues Related to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Shattuck, Paul T.; Grosse, Scott D.
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v13 n2 p129-135 2007
This paper explores issues and implications for diagnosis and treatment, stemming from the growing number of children identified with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Recent developments and innovations in special education and Medicaid programs are emphasized. Eligibility determination policies, innovations in diagnostic practices, the cost and financing of assessment, variability among programs in diagnostic criteria, and racial/ethnic disparities in the timing of diagnosis all influence the capacity of service systems to provide diagnoses in a timely, coordinated, accurate, economical, and equitable manner. There are several barriers to the more widespread provision of intensive intervention for children with ASDs, including lack of strong evidence of effectiveness in scaled-up public programs, uncertainty about the extent of obligations to provide services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, high cost of intervention, and variability among states in their willingness to fund intensive intervention via Medicaid. Innovative policy experiments with respect to financing intensive intervention through schools and Medicaid are being conducted in a number of states.
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Disabilities, Identification, Financial Support, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Therapy, Children, Special Education, Social Services, Eligibility, Public Policy, Costs, Disability Identification, Racial Differences, Barriers, Program Effectiveness, Federal Legislation, State Government, Literature Reviews
Wiley-Blackwell. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/browse/?type=JOURNAL
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act