ERIC Number: EJ904050
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
Neurocognitive Outcomes in Pediatric HIV
Willen, Elizabeth J.
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, v12 n3 p223-228 2006
Cognitive impairment has long been associated with the natural history of HIV among vertically infected children. In children, HIV may have a direct or indirect impact on the developing brain, may lead to global or highly specific consequences, and may be responsible for minor cognitive consequences or, conversely, long-term and severe disability. This differential impact is related to multiple factors that influence the individual expression of the virus in any given child. This review provides an overview of the relevant literature on neurocognitive outcomes for infants, children, and youth vertically infected with HIV, with attention to those factors impacting neurocognitive outcome within a developmental framework. Research findings in both the era preceding and following the introduction of combined therapies are reviewed, since many of the issues identified prior to state-of-the-art treatment currently available in the United States and other developed countries still apply in much of the developing world. Intervention issues and directions for future research are also discussed.
Descriptors: Brain, Neuropsychology, Therapy, Infants, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Neurological Organization, Cognitive Development, Disabilities, Child Development, Literature Reviews, Neurological Impairments, Children, Youth, Intervention, Perinatal Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A