ERIC Number: EJ903840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
Strategies and Policies for Basic Education in Cambodia: Historical Perspectives
Dy, Sideth S.
International Education Journal, v5 n1 p90-97 2004
This article examines the process of development and change in the state of education in Cambodia over four decades preceding the 1990 Jomtien World Conference on Education for All. The author argues that during the 1950s and 1960s, efforts to enhance basic education opportunities for all Cambodians were largely unsuccessful due to the lack of adequate infrastructural mechanisms and a guiding framework for action. Of the periods considered in this study, only the Prince Sihanouk regime (1950s-1960s) was relatively socioeconomically advanced, and saw a growth in the number of modern school buildings, teacher training centres, and universities. The succeeding regimes in the 1970s not only failed to maintain the development, but by the second half of the 1970s the formal education system had been completely dismantled. The collapse in 1979 of the Pol Pot regime made way for the rebirth of traditional socio-cultural structures and the wide expansion of schooling opportunities throughout the 1980s. National rehabilitation and reconstruction during the 1980s, despite lingering social insecurity, marked considerable and fundamental progress towards the present educational situation of this struggling nation.
Descriptors: Literacy, Foreign Countries, Change Strategies, Educational Strategies, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Educational Development, Adult Basic Education, Educational Opportunities, Politics of Education, Educational History
Shannon Research Press. Available from: Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.iejcomparative.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Basic Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Cambodia