ERIC Number: EJ903597
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 110
Rape, War, and the Socialization of Masculinity: Why Our Refusal to Give up War Ensures that Rape Cannot Be Eradicated
Zurbriggen, Eileen L.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v34 n4 p538-549 Dec 2010
Rape is endemic during war, suggesting that there may be important conceptual links between the two. A theoretical model is presented positing that rape and war are correlated because traditional (hegemonic) masculinity underlies, and is a cause of, both. An analysis of the literatures on masculinity, rape perpetration, and military socialization is conducted to support this model. Particular elements of traditional masculinity that are implicated include status and achievement; toughness and aggression; restricted emotionality; and power, dominance, and control. It is argued that society's need for effective soldiers is the root cause of traditional masculine socialization and that this socialization ensures that rape will be prevalent. Possible strategies to minimize rape while preserving traditional masculine socialization are discussed. However, it is concluded that as long as most nations rely on warfare to respond to geopolitical conflict, rape prevention efforts will necessarily have only limited success.
Descriptors: Socialization, Rape, Prevention, Masculinity, War, Social Influences, Social Problems, Military Personnel, Social Status, Achievement, Aggression, Emotional Response, Power Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A