ERIC Number: EJ903523
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success
McCallumore, Kyle Megan; Sparapani, Ervin F.
Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, v76 n2 p60-64 Oct 2010
Researchers target 9th grade as the make or break year for completing high school. During the 9th-grade year, many students for the first time have to earn passing grades in core courses, and these core courses are typically some of the toughest and most rigorous academic classes a student must take in high school. Furthermore, the rising use of standardized tests to measure school performance, and exit exams required to earn a diploma add to the difficulty and importance of doing well in high school. Statistics generated from freshman year are concerning. Ninth graders have the lowest grade point average, the most missed classes, the majority of failing grades, and more misbehavior referrals than any other high school grade level. The 9th grade also has the highest enrollment rate in high schools, mainly due to the fact that approximately 22% of students repeat 9th-grade classes. This number can be even higher in large urban high schools. While the transition from middle school to high school can represent an important milestone, it can also be a time of loneliness, isolation, and disconnection for some students. This transition period is frequently marked by declining academic performance, increased absences, and increased behavior disturbances. These factors put freshmen more at risk than any other school-aged group. The differences, both academically and socially, between middle school and high school make the transition difficult. The authors contend that it is important to consider what can be done in middle school to better prepare students for new challenges and also important to not drop the ball on students after 9th grade, but to continue support during their remaining high school years. This article discusses some solutions to ease transition.
Descriptors: High Schools, Grade Point Average, Graduation Rate, Enrollment Rate, Standardized Tests, Exit Examinations, Grade 9, High School Graduates, Success, Grades (Scholastic), Attendance Patterns, Academic Failure, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Age Differences, Grade Repetition, Urban Schools, Social Isolation, Student Participation, High School Freshmen, At Risk Students, Transitional Programs, Student Needs, Graduation Requirements
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A