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ERIC Number: EJ903500
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1930-4595
Patterns of Interactions and Behaviors: Physical Education in Korean Elementary, Middle, and High Schools
Yu, Jong-Hoon; Kim, Jwa K.
ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, v5 n1 p26-32 Spr-Sum 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the differences between elementary, middle, and high school physical education classes in Korea based on teacher and student behavior and teacher-student interaction patterns. The subjects who participated in this study were fifteen certified full-time physical education teachers at selected schools in Seoul. Teacher and student behavior and teacher-student interaction patterns were coded using Cheffers' Adaptation of Flanders' Interaction Analysis System (CAFIAS). Statistically significant differences in the teacher and student behaviors among the three school levels were analyzed using a Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA. Additional multiple comparisons using the Mann-Whitney "U" test were employed when significant differences resulted from the Kruskal Wallis ANOVA among the three school levels. This study demonstrated that elementary school physical education classes exhibited more humanistic behaviors. In contrast, middle school classes were conducted with a great deal of teacher input and high school classes had a very structured atmosphere. (Contains 3 tables.)
International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-476-3462; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Flanders System of Interaction Analysis