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ERIC Number: EJ903492
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-1930-4595
Physical Activity Opportunity in United States Public Elementary Schools
Beaulieu, Lisa; Butterfield, Stephen A.; Pratt, Phillip
ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, v4 n2 p33-36 Fall-Win 2009
Recent evidence indicates that many elementary schools have curtailed recess and Physical Education (Morrow, Jackson & Payne 1999). These finding are at a variance with the goal of Healthy People 2010 to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine physical activity opportunities (PAO) in U. S. public elementary schools. Survey data obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics were analyzed using within grade (1-5 or 6) between group comparisons. Key findings included: a) PAO decreased from 222 to 204 minutes/week for grades 1 to 5; b) schools with smaller enrollments (less than 300 pupils) provided more PAO than schools in all larger categories (p less than 0.01); c) schools in rural areas provided more PAO than schools in towns, suburbs, and cities (p less than 0.01); d) schools with a low minority enrollment (less than 6%) provided more PAO than did schools with very high minority enrollment (greater than 50%) (P less than 0.01); and e) schools with fewer children enrolled in free/reduced price lunch (less than 35%) afforded more PAO than did schools with the highest rates (greater than 75%) (P less than 0.01). (Contains 2 tables.)
International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-476-3462; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A