ERIC Number: EJ903107
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
College Students' Prejudicial Biases against Instructors Who Smoke Cigarettes
Oberle, Crystal D.; Engeling, Stephanie J.; Ontiberos, Senecae P.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v13 n4 p499-509 Dec 2010
In an investigation of students' prejudicial biases against instructors who smoke, 61 female and 16 male undergraduates watched and listened to a 20-min lecture about parasomnias, completed a survey asking for instructor evaluation ratings and ratings of perceived learning, and completed a lecture-retention test with multiple-choice questions to assess actual learning. In a between-subjects design, the lecture was given by either a man or woman, who was portrayed as a smoker or nonsmoker. The instructors' sex and smoking status did not affect the students' perceived or actual learning (all p's greater than 0.05). However, a significant interaction on the instructor evaluation ratings revealed that students rated the female instructors equivalently (p = 0.78), but rated the smoker male instructor significantly lower than the nonsmoker male instructor (p = 0.01). These findings suggest that students hold prejudicial biases against male instructors who smoke, but that these biases do not affect student learning.
Descriptors: Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, Lecture Method, Undergraduate Students, Smoking, Surveys, Multiple Choice Tests, Gender Differences, Retention (Psychology), Student Attitudes, Social Bias, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A