ERIC Number: EJ902885
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Presentation Modality on Immediate and Delayed Recall in Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease
Mahendra, Nidhi; Bayles, Kathryn A.; Harris, Frances P.
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, v14 n2 p144-155 May 2005
Episodic memory (EM) deficits are the hall-mark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Story-retelling tasks are particularly sensitive to EM impairments and require participants to recall a short story immediately and after a delay. The purpose of this study was to determine whether presentation modality influences story recall in AD participants. Thirty AD participants and 30 healthy elders recalled short stories in (a) auditory, (b) visual, and (c) combined auditory-visual modalities. Recall was assessed immediately as well as after 15- and 30-min delays. Presentation modality significantly influenced story recall in AD participants. AD participants demonstrated better recall after silently reading a story than after hearing an examiner tell the story or simultaneously hearing and reading the story. Clinical implications of these results are discussed.
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Recall (Psychology), Story Telling, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli, Older Adults, Silent Reading, Context Effect
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A