ERIC Number: EJ902763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Examining Communication Repairs of 2 Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Influence of the Environment
Meadan, Hedda; Halle, James W.; Watkins, Ruth V.; Chadsey, Janis G.
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, v15 n1 p57-71 Feb 2006
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the repair strategies of 2 young children with autism spectrum disorder from an environmental rather than a developmental perspective. Method: A scripted protocol that included opportunities for requests and repair was followed. The environmental variables investigated were activity type (e.g., puzzle, shapes, book) and breakdown type (i.e., request for clarification, wrong response, and ignore). The sessions were videotaped, and each child's behavior was coded. Results: The results revealed that (a) both participants repaired the majority (70%) of their unsuccessful initial requests and (b) the repair strategies varied across children, activities, and breakdowns. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that the 2 young children with autism and limited expressive language discriminated among environmental variables (i.e., type of activity and type of breakdown). The participants modified their repair topographies to correspond to changes in the environment. The findings from this study offer ways to enhance assessment and intervention of early communication. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Autism, Young Children, Expressive Language, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Communication
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://ajslp.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A